If one possesses one or more illegal drugs for personal usage, distributing purposes, sale, or otherwise then it is called drug possession. Drug possession is a crime. In the U.S. the penalty for this crime varies from a small monetary fine to imprisonment. In some states, it is considered to be a minor offense comparable to speeding violation.
Some of the drugs, including but not limited to ecstasy, LSD, methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, and sometimes marijuana are illegal in most parts of the United States. Each jurisdiction has its own laws that they follow. You can face serious punishment like imprisonment, depending upon the quantity of the drugs you are carrying and the times that you’ve been charged with this crime.
There’s nothing wrong with wanting to have a little bit of fun now and then. But when it comes to drugs it’s a risky business. Being charged for drug possession can have a strong, negative impact on your future. Even your freedom can be at stake if the federal government is involved. ‘You are under arrest’ are four dreaded words that can cause your heart to race like never before.
Knowledge is always an advantage and it’s always best to learn more before jumping to any hasty decisions.
Types of Drugs
There is a drug policy in the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, named The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Title II. Under the named drug regulation, the production, smuggling, possession, personal usage, and distribution of some chemicals including but not limited to narcotics, hallucinogens, steroids, depressants, and stimulants is regulated.
The CSA schedule information given below applies to the substances regulated under federal law. The schedules may vary between different states.
The drugs that come under Schedule I are considered to have no medical use in treatments conducted in the U.S. and they have a high potential for being misused. The drugs in this category are not accepted to be completely safe for use under medical supervision.
The drugs that come under Schedule II are those that may cause serious psychological or physical damage. They are considered to have some medical use in treatments conducted in the U.S but under severe limitations and restrictions. These drugs are said to have a high potential for being misused.
The substances that come under Schedule III are those that may cause moderate physical damage or high psychological damage. These drugs are considered less likely to be misused than those categorized as Schedule I and Schedule II. They have been currently accepted to be used medically in treatments conducted in the U.S.
List of drugs that come under Schedule III
The drugs that come under Schedule IV are considered to have a lesser chance of being misused than the drugs in Schedule III; this makes them subject to lesser potential abuse than the drugs in Schedule I and II. They also have been currently accepted to be used medically in treatments conducted in the U.S.
List of drugs that come under Schedule IV
The drugs that come under Schedule V are those that have a lower potential for being misused than the drugs in Schedule I, II, III, and IV. They have been currently accepted to be used medically in treatments conducted in the U.S. Schedule V mostly consists of those drugs that contain a small number of narcotics.
The Dos and Don’ts of Drug Possession
Here are some things you need to know about drug possession before you enter a panic mode:
Stay as Calm as You Can Be
First and foremost, you need to stay calm. Panicking might seem like the only option but it won’t result in any solutions. Letting things get out of hand by creating a commotion can only make things worse. Remember, you haven’t been found guilty yet there is still time. Assumptions won’t do you any good. If you enter a panicked state, you can end up saying things that can be and will be used against you in a court of law.
Get a Lawyer
After you’ve gathered yourself, you need to consider getting a lawyer immediately. You need to use their expertise and knowledge for your advantage. Use the one phone call you get very wisely. If you have a lawyer, you can call them directly. If you don’t, call someone who can get you one. Your lawyer can guide you of all the possible consequences. You need to be well prepared before you go to court and have a strong defense ready for your case.
Give Minimum Information
When and if you get arrested, try not to speak too much and maintain your composure. If you start having emotional breakdowns, it might affect negatively on your case. In addition, except for your identification, try to keep the conversation to the minimum. Remember, along with verbal statements, written statements can be used against you as well. Wait for your lawyer before proceeding with any statements or clarifications.
All drug possessions are defined differently and the penalties vary case by case. Certain reports suggest that the use of illegal prescriptions for drugs has escalated to a huge extent over the years. Therefore, the punishments for this crime can vary as they depend on some factors like the quantity of the drug, its type and if the person possessing it is carrying a valid prescription or not.
The production, dealing, or even distribution of Schedule I and II drugs in small quantities is a federal offense. The federal penalty can be from five to forty years of imprisonment and/or a penalty of a maximum of $2 million fine for an individual. Of course, the best way to avoid facing punishments for drug possession is to completely stop using the illegal ones. The addiction or the increasing profits may make it difficult at first, but ask a simple question to yourself; is it worth the risk?