That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged. … Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. In October 1941, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the USSR, which had begun on 22 June, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a commitment to send a convoy to the Arctic ports of the USSR every ten days and to deliver 1,200 tanks a month from July 1942 to January 1943, followed by 2,000 tanks and another 3,600 aircraft more than already promised. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Il y a deux groupes de soutien : une Cruiser Cover Force (Force de couverture) dirigée par le R.Adm. In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. Remorqué en Islande par le. , This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. Il part de Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai 1942 et arrive à Mourmansk en URSS le 30 mai 1942. Convoy PQ 13 cruising order, escorts, ships sunk, reports. , By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. L'escorte est composée du dragueur de mine Gossamer et de cinq baleiniers. Un navire est endommagé et forcé de revenir sous escorte ; le 26 mai, toutes les attaques aériennes sont repoussées mais le cargo américain Syros est torpillé par l'U-Boot U-703. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. Leur puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes. Seven ships arrived safely. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. Deux U-boote ont été endommagés par les escortes et la Royal Navy a revendiqué la destruction certaine d'un Junkers Ju 88 par le Hawker Sea Hurricane du Pilot officer (P/O) Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) du CAM ship Empire Morn, qui a été tué et quatre autres par des tirs anti-aériens, avec 16 avions revendiqués comme probablement détruits. ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. 25 ships arrived safely. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. Dans The Year of Stalingrad (1946) (L'année de Stalingrad), le correspondant de guerre britannique Alexander Werth a décrit sa participation au convoi PQ 16 sur le SS Empire Baffin, qui a été bombardé mais a atteint Mourmansk par ses propres moyens. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. PQ 15 sailed from Reykjavík, Iceland, on 26 April 1942 with its local escort. [a] The first convoy was due at Murmansk around 12 October and the next convoy was to depart Iceland on 22 October. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. Read more about them. Ships. Ce convoi est composé de 35 navires marchands : 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen. HM Burrough sur le croiseur HMS Nigeria, et comprenant les croiseurs HMS Kent, Liverpool, et Norfolk, et les destroyers HMS Onslow, Marne, et Oribi, et une Distant Covering Force (Force de couverture éloignée) composée des cuirassés HMS Duke of York et USS Washington, du porte-avions HMS Victorious, des croiseurs HMS London et USS Wichita, et de 13 destroyers. : Put new text under old text. L'escorte rapprochée est dirigée par le destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. PQ 16, dispatched on May 20, comprised 35 merchant vessels and the largest escort ever sent out. The convoy was escorted by two minesweepers, joined by an Ocean escort of two destroyers Matabele and Somali, supported by the cruiser Trinidad.The convoy was joined in the last stage of the voyage by two Royal Navy minesweepers based at Murmansk. Convoy PQ 15 was an Arctic convoy sent from Iceland by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet … Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSSqui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. 07:30 March 14: Convoy reformed. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. When the Wehrmacht smashed into the Soviet Union in June 1941 Russia and Britain found themselves in alliance against Germany. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the … Their extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war.
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